Scientific Name– Systomus sarana
English Name– Olive barb
Local name- Pothia
Habits and habitat
Systomus sarana is found in ponds, tanks, maun, chaurs, floodplain area, ditches with muddy and sandy bottom. It occurs in rivers, canals. This group of fish is found in entire Bihar but mostlly found in districts of South Bihar.
It is comparatively bigger sized fish of the family. This species is slightly cylindrical. This is very attractive and fancy due to the presence of glittering silvery and large unifrom silvery colouration with transparent fins and more robust when mature. A distinct large round golden edged black blotch exists near caudal fin. It feeds on insects, crustaceans, larvae, algae, and plant matters and breeds in submerged area, most of them are easily bred in favourable temperature range of 25 – 28 oC. It is fast mover, attains a length of 15-20cm.
- Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore