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Systomus sarana – Kisan Suvidha
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Systomus sarana

Systomus sarana

Systomus sarana

Scientific Name–          Systomus sarana
(Hamilton, 1822)

English Name–           Olive barb

Local name-              Pothia


Class Osteichthyes
Sub-Class Actinopterygii
Order Cypriniformes
Family Cyprinidae
Sub-family Cyprininae
Genus Systomus
Species sarana


Habits and habitat

Systomus sarana is found in ponds, tanks, maun, chaurs, floodplain area, ditches with muddy and sandy bottom. It occurs in rivers, canals. This group of fish is found in entire Bihar but mostlly found in districts of South Bihar.


Salient features

It is comparatively bigger sized fish of the family. This species is slightly cylindrical. This is very attractive and fancy due to the presence of glittering silvery and large unifrom silvery colouration with transparent fins and more robust when mature. A distinct large round golden edged black blotch exists near caudal fin. It feeds on insects, crustaceans, larvae, algae, and plant matters and  breeds in submerged area, most of them are easily bred in favourable temperature range of 25 – 28 oC. It is fast mover, attains a length of 15-20cm.



  • Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore

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