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Sugarcane Varieties – Kisan Suvidha
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Sugarcane Varieties

Sugarcane varieties

Sugarcane Varieties

Various Sugarcane varieties are given below:-

1. Co 89003

  • Co 89003 is a high sugared high yielding early maturing clone, selected from the progeny of the cross Co 7314 x Co 775 at Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore and tested at Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal
  • Due to high sugar and high yield, Co 89003 was recommended for commercial cultivation in Punjab in 1997 and Haryana in 2001
  • Co 89003 has medium thick greenish yellow canes. Sheath splitting is common. Bud groove is prominent and is extended to 3/4th or even entire length of internodes. The clone is free from spines, splits and pith.
  • Co 89003 has about 11% fibre. The jaggery is the golden yellow colour of A1 grade.
  • It is a soft cane and hence also suitable for chewing.
  • Co 89003 showed 31% and 42% improvement of cane yield over CoJ 64 during autumn and spring, respectively. The improvement for sucrose% over CoJ 64 was 3.56% during autumn and 5.56% during the spring season.
  • Co 89003 gives good ratoon.
  • Co 89003 is moderately resistant to the prevalent races of red rot pathogen. However, it is susceptible to wilt disease. The Wilt infection in Co 89003 is associated with root borer and termite infestations. Therefore, the disease can be minimised by applying Chlorpyriphos @ 2 litres/acre at the time of planting / ratooning as well as during August.

Performance of Co 89003 at SBI, Regional Centre, Karnal

Parameters Autumn Season Spring Season
 Co 89003  CoJ 64  Co 89003  CoJ 64
Cane yield (t/ha)  90.48  68.81  69.55  49.09
% increase over CoJ 64 31.49 41.68
Sugar yield (t/ha) 10.28 7.40 9.50 6.29
% increase over CoJ 64 38.92 51.03
Sucrose % 16.60 16.03 19.56 18.53
% Increase over CoJ 64 3.56 5.56

 

2. Co 98014

  • Co 98014 (Karan 1) is an early variety bred at the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal from the cross Co 8316 x Co 8213.
  • Co 98014 was released in 2007 by the Central Varietal Release Committee for commercial cultivation in North Western Zone (NWZ) comprising States of Haryana, Punjab, Western and Central U.P., Uttarakhand and Rajasthan.
  • Co 98014 is a very tall, medium thin cane bearing greenish yellow canes with cylindrical internodes and long, lanceolate auricle. The clone is free from leaf sheath spines, splits and pith formation.
  • Leaf tip drying is common during summer months, and farmers need not worry about it.
  • The fibre content is about 14%. The jaggery is of brown colour (B grade).
  • This variety is moderately resistant to the prevalent races of red rot pathogen. Co 98014 has hard rind hence less damaged by insect pests and non-insect pest like a rat, wild animals, etc.
  • This variety is suitable for the normal environment, less fertile soil and water logging conditions. It gives comparatively good ratoon under these conditions and even when harvested during winter.
  • Co 98014 gives 22% higher cane yield and 8% higher sugar yield than CoJ 64.

Performance of Co 98014 in All India Coordinated trials conducted in NWZ

Parameters Co 98014 CoJ 64 CoPant 84211
Cane yield (t/ha) 76.29 62.71 67.75
% increase over checks 21.66 12.94
Sugar yield (t/ha) 9.26 7.90 8.31
% increase over checks 17.22 11.43
Sucrose % 17.59 18.18 17.98
% Increase over checks -3.24 -2.17

3. Co0118

  • Co 0118 (Karan 2) is a high sugared early variety bred at the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal from the cross Co 8347 x Co 86011.
  • Co 0118 was released in 2009 by the Central Varietal Release Committee for commercial cultivation in North Western Zone (Haryana, Punjab, Western and Central U.P., Uttarakhand and Rajasthan).
  • It is a tall, medium thick variety bearing grey purple cylindrical to obconoidal internodes. It bears self de-trashing type of leaf sheath. Bud shape is oval to obovate. Inner auricle is long lanceolate while outer is shorter. Leaf sheath has spines, but the stalk is free from splits and pith.
  • The fibre content is about 12.78%. The jaggery is of A-1 quality (light yellow colour).
  • Co 0118 is moderately resistant to the prevalent races of red rot and is a substitute for CoJ 64.
  • Co 0118 has recorded 15% higher cane and sugar yields and 3.7% higher sucrose over CoJ 64.
  • In the All India Coordinated Research Project trials conducted in North Western Zone (NWZ), Co 0118 has ranked 3rd in the zone for cane yield, sugar yield and sucrose % in juice.
  • The performance of Co 0118 was better than the ruling standards under water stress and water logging conditions.
  • It requires less Nitrogen than those required for CoS 8436. Co 0118 gave good ratoon yield and showed better sprouting even when harvested during winter.

Performance of Co 0118 in All India Coordinated trials conducted in NWZ

Parameters Co 0118 CoJ 64 CoPant 84211
Cane yield (t/ha) 78.20 67.59 66.84
% increase over checks 15.70 17.00
Sugar yield (t/ha) 9.88 8.59 8.28
% increase over checks 15.01 19.32
Sucrose % 18.45 17.90 17.65
% Increase over checks 3.07 4.53

4. Co 0238

  • Co 0238 (Karan 4) is a high yielding, the high sugared early variety bred at the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal from the cross CoLk 8102 x Co 775. It was released in 2009 by the Central Varietal Release Committee for commercial cultivation in North Western Zone (Haryana, Punjab, Western and Central U.P., Uttarakhand and Rajasthan).
  • It is a tall, medium thick variety bearing grey, brown cylindrical internodes. It bears self de-trashing type of leaf sheath. Shallow bud groove is present. The stalk is free from spines, splits and hollow pith, but spongy pith can be seen under water stress conditions.
  • Leaf tip drying (sun scaled injury) is common during summer months. Farmers need not worry about it.
  • The fibre content is about 13.05%. The jaggery is of A-1 quality with light yellow colour.
  • Co 0238 is moderately resistant to the prevalent races of red rot and is a better substitute for CoJ 64. Top borer management is essential for this variety.
  • In comparison with CoJ 64, Co 0238 showed 20%, 16% and 0.50% improvement of cane yield, sugar yield and sucrose %, respectively.
  • In the All India Coordinated Research Project trials conducted in North Western Zone, Co 0238 has ranked 1st for cane yield, 2nd for sugar yield and 5th for sucrose % in juice in the zone.
  • The performance of Co 0238 was better than the ruling standards under water stress, water logging and saline conditions.
  • Co 0238 requires less Nitrogen than those required for CoS 8436. Co 0238 gave good ratoon and showed better sprouting even when harvested during winter.

 

Performance of Co 0238 in All India Coordinated Trials conducted in NWZ

Parameters Co 0238 CoJ 64 CoPant 84211
Cane yield (t/ha) 81.08 67.59 66.84
% increase over checks 19.96 21.30
Sugar yield (t/ha) 9.95 8.59 8.28
% increase over checks 15.83 20.17
Sucrose % 17.99 17.90 17.65
% Increase over checks 0.50 1.93

5. Co 0239

  • Co 0239 (Karan 6) is a high sugared early variety selected from the progeny of Co 93016 GC at the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal.
  • Co 0239 was released in 2010 by the Central

Varietal Release Committee for commercial cultivation in North Western Zone (Haryana, Punjab, Western and Central U.P., Uttarakhand and Rajasthan).

  • Co 0239 bears medium thick greenish purple canes, obconoidal internodes, shallow bud groove, oval to rhomboid buds, lanceolate auricle and spines on leaf sheath. The clone is free from splits, pith and bud cushion.
  • The fibre content is about 12.79%. The jaggery is of A-1 quality with light yellow colour. This variety is moderately resistant to the prevalent races of red rot.
  • This clone was evaluated under All India Coordinated Research Project in the North Western Zone. It ranked 1st for sugar yield, 2nd for cane yield and 4th for sucrose % in juice in the zone.
  • In comparison to the check CoJ 64, it showed about 17%, 21% and 3.8% improvement in cane yield, sugar yield and sucrose % in juice, respectively.
  • Co 0239 gives fairly good ratoon.

 

Performance of Co 0239 in All India Coordinated Trials conducted in NWZ

Item Co 0239 CoJ 64 CoPant 84211
Cane yield (t/ha) 79.23 67.59 66.84
% increase over checks 17.22 18.54
Sugar yield (t/ha) 9.88 8.59 8.28
% increase over checks 20.72 25.24
Sucrose % 18.45 17.90 17.65
% Increase over checks 3.80 5.27

6. Co 0237

  • Co 0237 (Karan 8) is a high sugared early variety selected from the progeny of Co 93016 GC at the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal.
  • Co 0237 was identified in 2010 by the Varietal Identification Committee of All
  • India Coordinated Research Project ( Sugarcane ) for commercial cultivation in North Western Zone (Haryana, Punjab, Western and Central U.P., Uttarakhand and Rajasthan).
  • Co 0237 bear medium thick yellow canes with cylindrical internodes, ovate buds, small lanceolate auricle, bud cushion and deep bud groove.
  • The clone is free from splits and spines on leaf sheath. The arrangement of root primordial is regular (generally single row).
  • The fibre content is about 12.98%. The jaggery is of A1 quality with light yellow colour. This variety is moderately resistant to the prevalent races of red rot.
  • This clone was evaluated under All India Coordinated Research Project in the North Western Zone. It ranked 1st for sucrose % in juice, 4th for sugar yield and 5th for cane yield in the zone.
  • In comparison to the check CoJ 64, it showed about 5.53%, 8.73% and 4.92% improvement in cane yield, sugar yield and sucrose % in juice, respectively.

 

Performance of Co 0237 in All India Coordinated Trials conducted in NWZ

Item Co 0237 CoJ 64 CoPant 84211
Cane yield (t/ha) 71.33 67.59 66.84
%increase over checks 5.53 6.72
Sugar yield (t/ha) 9.34 8.59 8.28
% increase over checks 8.73 12.80
Sucrose % 18.78 17.90 17.65
% Increase over checks 4.92 6.40

 

7. Co 05011

  • Co 05011 (Karan 9) is a high yielding mid-late variety selected from the progeny of the cross CoS 8436 x Co 89003 at the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal.
  • Co 05011 was identified in 2011 by the Varietal Identification Committee of All India Coordinated Research Project (Sugarcane) for commercial cultivation in  North Western  Zone  (Haryana,  Punjab, Western and  Central U.P., Uttarakhand and Rajasthan).
  • Co 05011 is an erect growing medium thick cane with cylindrical internodes. The colour of internode exposed to the sun is purple, but unexposed internode colour shall be greenish yellow. Co 05011 has round buds, incipient auricle; internode is having small corky patches and feeble Ivory markings. The clone is
  • free from splits and spines on leaf sheath. But these traits can be seen in few canes.
  • The fibre content is about 12.75%. This variety is moderately resistant to the prevalent races of red rot.
  • This clone was evaluated under All India Co-ordinated Research Project in North Western Zone. It ranked 2nd for sugar yield and 3rd for cane yield and sucrose% in the zone. The average cane yield of Co 05011 was 82.47 t/ha. In comparison to the check CoS 767, it showed 13.75% improvement in cane yield, 3.99% improvement in sucrose% and 18.24% improvement in commercial cane sugar yield.
Item Co 05011 CoS 767 CoS 8436
Cane yield (t/ha) 82.47 72.50 62.15
%increase over checks 13.75 32.70
Sugar yield (t/ha) 10.24 8.66 7.88
% increase over checks 18.24 29.95
Sucrose % 18.00 17.31 18.15
% Increase over checks 3.99 -0.83

 

 

Source-

  • Sugarcane Breeding Institute

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