Sponge Gourd cultivation practices – Punjab

Introduction

Spong gourd is one of the traditional vegetables similar to ridge gourd.The only difference is sponge gourd has a smooth surface. Sponge gourd belongs to the family of “Cucurbitaceae” and has a genus of “Luffa.”This Vegetable contains vitamin “A” and “C.” ): This vegetable is cultivated in most of the states in India.Most Common names of Sponge gourd is Gilki and Turai.

 

Climate and Soil requirement for Sponge Gourd cultivation

Sponge gourd is be grown in tropical and sub-tropical climate. It grows well under warm and humid conditions. It is very sensitive to frost and low temperature. It can be grown in all types of soils, but sandy loam soil is ideal for its cultivation.

 

Improved Varieties of Sponge gourd

1.PSG-9 (2): The vines of this variety are medium long with dark green leaves. The fruits are smooth, long, tender and dark green. It takes 60 days from transplanting to first picking. Average fruit weight is 65 g and yield is 65 q/acre.

2.Pusa Chikni: The plants are medium sized with dark green leaves. The fruits are medium sized smooth 2.5 to 3.5 cm thick and tender. Average yield is 35-40 q/acre.

 

Agronomic Practices for Sponge gourd

Sowing Time:  1. Mid of February to March

2. Mid of May to July.

Seed Rate: 2 kg seed per acre.

Spacing: Sow at least two seeds per hill on one side of 3 m wide beds at a spacing of 75-90 cm.

 

Manures and Fertilizers used in Sponge gourd

Apply 40 kg of N (90 kg of Urea), 20 kg of P2O5 (125 kg of Single Superphosphate) and 20 kg of K2O (35 kg of Muriate of Potash ) per acre.

 

Irrigation

The first irrigation should be given just after seed sowing. During summer season irrigate at 7-10 days. The crop can be grown during rainy season with limited irrigation. The total number of irrigations would be 7-8.

 

Harvesting of Sponge gourd

The crop will be ready for harvest in about 70-80 days after sowing.

Continue picking at an interval of 3-4 days. Harvest only tender and medium sized fruits.

 

Seed Production

The raising of seed crop is similar to that of crop grown for table purpose, except that of difference in harvesting stage of the fruit. The best time for raising the seed crop is Feb.-March rather than the rainy season since harvesting and extraction of seed are convenient in the dry spell. The minimum isolation distance of 1000 m between two varieties of sponge gourd is required. Remove the undesirable or off-type plants before flowering, during flowering, fruiting and maturity stages. Fruits are allowed to mature physiologically on plant rather than harvesting at horticultural maturity. Seeds are extracted when fruits are dry, and seeds rattle inside the shell. After cleaning, dry seed is packed and stored under low temperature and low humidity conditions.

 

Source- 

MLA

“Package PAU (Veg) – Documents.”punjab agriculture university. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2017 <http://documents.tips/documents/package-pau-veg.html>.

APA

Package PAU (Veg) – Documents. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://documents.tips/documents/package-pau-veg.html

Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana.