Scientific Name- Puntius sophore
Common Name- Spot fin swamp barb
Local Name- Pothia
Habits and habitat
Puntius sophore fish occurs in Gnaga, Sone, Gandak rivers and associated canals and it’s branches. It is found in ponds, tanks, beels, chaurs, etc. Inhabits in small reservoirs, ditches and floodplain area with muddy bottom and full of macrophytes. Mostly found in shallow and slow flowing water.
It is beautiful and very attractive fish. Body is uniform silvery and back gryish green to brownish colouration with large deep black round blotch at base of caudal fin and a similar black blotch on central part of dorsal fin. All fins are normal but anal and pelvic fins of male are brick red at maturation period of male. It is very active and fast mover,moves in group,breeds in April-May at temperature 24-250C,feeds on insect, plant matters, algae, larvae, worms and daphnia. This fish is mostly collected from canals and branch channels. It attains a lentgh of normally 5-8 em and maximum 13cm.
- Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore