Puntius sophore fish

Scientific Name-      Puntius sophore
(Hamilton, 1822)

Common Name-          Spot fin swamp barb

Local Name-            Pothia


Class Osteichthyes
Sub-Class Actinopterygii
Order Cypriniformes
Family Cyprinidae
Sub-family Puntius
Genus sophre
Species Osteichthyes



Habits and habitat

Puntius sophore fish occurs in Gnaga, Sone, Gandak rivers and associated canals and it’s branches. It is found in ponds, tanks, beels, chaurs, etc. Inhabits in small reservoirs, ditches and floodplain area with muddy bottom and full of macrophytes. Mostly found in shallow and slow flowing water.


Salient features

It is beautiful and very attractive fish. Body is uniform silvery and back gryish green to brownish colouration with large deep black round blotch at base of caudal fin and a similar black blotch on central part of dorsal fin. All fins are normal but anal and pelvic fins of male are brick red at maturation period of male. It is very active and fast mover,moves in group,breeds in April-May at temperature 24-250C,feeds on insect, plant matters, algae, larvae, worms and daphnia. This fish is mostly collected from canals and branch channels. It attains a lentgh of normally 5-8 em and maximum 13cm.



  • Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore
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