Puntius chola fish

Scientific Name-       Puntius chola
(Hamilton, 1822)

Common Name-          Swamp barb

Local Name-            Sidhari


Class Osteichthyes
Sub-Class Actinopterygii
Order Cypriniformes
Family Cyprinidae
Sub-family Cyprinae
Genus Puntius
Species chola


Habits and habitat

It is found in ponds, tanks, maun, chaurs and floodplain area. Inhabits in rivers and it is associated canals. Also found in running and standing water with muddy and planted bottom. It is very common species in Bihar.


Salient features

It is very fancy and attractive species due to the presence of glittering silvery scales with varied tings and emiting flashes during movment. The body is flattened and pointed. Dorsal part of body is golden brownish green with a brilliant emerald green shine in the scales of the head and belly silvery brown. A deep black blotch in diamond shape at the base of caudal fin. Caudal fin is round. Other fins hyaline or delicate yellowish. pelvic and anal fins become to deep orange in mature males. It feeds on small aquatic insects, plant matter, worms and larvae. It is fast mover and voracious feeder. Always moves in group. It has been found that several female ripe at the same time. They may breed with an equal or a greater number of males. Normal breeding temprature is about 24-2SoC. It attains a length of 7cm.



  • Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore


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