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Organic Package for Rice-Barley+Mustard-Summer Moong System - Kisan Suvidha
10845
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Organic Package for Rice-Barley+Mustard-Summer Moong System

organic package for rice mustard and moong

Organic Package for Rice-Barley+Mustard-Summer Moong System

Organic Package for Rice- Barley+Mustard- Summer Moong System is given below:-

1.Rice

Suitable varieties:

‘Saket-4’ and other low input requiring and resistant varieties to insect pest and diseases.

Sowing time:

The appropriate time for transplanting of rice is the first week of July.

Seed rate and nursery raising:

Optimum seed rate for nursery raising of rice is 25 kg/ha.

Transplanting and Spacing:

Normally 25-day old seedlings should be transplanted in the well-puddled field at the row to row /plant to plant distance of 20 and 15 cm, respectively.

Nutrient management:
  • Well rotten FYM @ 10.0 t/ha should be incorporated into the soil at least 20 days
    before puddling.
  • Vermicompost @ 5.0 t/ ha should be top dressed before second irrigation.
  • Biofertilizers like Azotobactor (nitrogen fixer) and Phosphorus Solubilizing. Bacteria (PSB) each should be added @10 kg/ha in the soil after final land preparation.
Water management:

Depending upon the amount and frequency of rains during the growing season 10-12 irrigations (5 cm water/ irrigation) should be applied intermittently.

Weed management:

To control the weeds effectively in rice, the field should be well puddled. The weeds can be effectively controlled manually by two hand-weeding at 20 days interval.

Plant protection:
  • Solar seed treatment for 2-3 hours during May-June for seed borne diseases like bacterial leaf blight.
  • Seedling treatment with Pseudomonas fluorescence culture @ 4 kg/ha and Trichoderma harzianum culture @ 5 kg/ha for soil borne diseases.
  • Foliar application of garlic + green chillies paste (1:1) @10 kg/ha for the gundhi bug.
  • Field release of Tricho-cards (Tricogramma japonicum) 5-6 times @ 30 cards/ha for stem borer and leaf folder.
  • Foliar spray of Pseudomonas fluorescence at dough stage for sheath blight.

 

2.Barley + mustard (4:1)

Suitable varieties:

Barley variety ‘Azad’ with mustard variety ‘Pusa Bold’ and other low input requiring and resistant varieties of crops to insect pest and diseases.

Sowing time:

In the rice-barley + mustard-summer moong cropping system, barley + mustard can be sown optimally up to the first week of November.

Seed rate:

Optimum seed rate for sowing barley is 80 kg/ha and for mustard is 4 kg/ha. In intercropping (4:1) 60 kg seed of barley and 2 kg seed of mustard will be sufficient. Organically certified seed should be preferred for sowing.

Spacing:

In barley, row to row 20 cm and plant to plant 5 cm distance should be maintained while, in each 5th row in the field at same row distance mustard can be sown keeping plant to plant spacing of 10 cm.

Nutrient management:
  • Well rotten FYM @ 8.0 t/ha should be incorporated into the soil at least 20 days
    before puddling.
  • Vermicompost @ 4.0 t/ ha is top dressed before second irrigation.
  • Biofertilizers like Azotobactor (nitrogen fixer) and Phosphorus Solubilizing.
    Bacteria (PSB) should be applied each @10 kg/ha in soil after final land
    preparation.
Water management:

The crop should be irrigated at critical crop growth stages. Five irritations including pre-sowing irrigations are sufficient for raising barley+ mustard intercrops.

Weed management:

Weeds under organic cultivation of barley + mustard can be
easily managed by two manual intercultural operations depending upon the severity of
weeds.

Plant protection:
  • Use certified seeds and grow resistant varieties for covered smut
  • Early/timely sowing of mustard to avoid white rust.
  • Spray neem based insecticides for mustard aphid.

 

3.Summer moong

Suitable varieties:

Variety ‘Pusa Vishal’ and other low input requiring and resistant varieties to insect pest and diseases can also be grown.

Sowing time:

Followed by barley + mustard, summer moong can be sown optimally up to the second week of April.

Seed rate:

20 kg/ha.

Spacing:

Row to row 30 cm and plant to plant 10 cm distance should be maintained.

Nutrient management:
  • Vermicompost @ 2.0 t/ha should be top dressed before second irrigation.
  • Biofertilizers like Rhizobium @ 200g/10kg seed as seed treatment and Phosphorus
    Solubilizing Bacteria (PSB) @10 kg/ha should be applied as a soil treatment.
Water management:

Besides the pre-sowing irrigation moong crop can be raised successfully by applying 2-3 irrigations during summer.

Weed management:

Being weed smothering crop, weed in summer moong is not a problem. However, need basing one manual intercultural operation can be done.

 

 

Source-

  • Institute Technology Management Unit ,Dr B. Gangwar, Project Director
       Project Directorate for Farming Systems Research,
          Modipuram, Meerut-250 110, Uttar Pradesh

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