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Organic package for Maize-Potato-Okra System – Kisan Suvidha
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Organic package for Maize-Potato-Okra System

organic package of maize potatao and okra

Organic package for Maize-Potato-Okra System

Organic package for Maize-Potato-Okra System is given below:-

1.Maize (grain)

Maize varieties:

Variety ‘Star-56’ and other low input requiring and resistant varieties to insect pest and diseases.

Sowing time:

The first week of July. To escape water logging maize should be sown on ridges in the ridge and furrow system of sowing.

Seed rate:

20 kg/ha. Organically certified seed should be preferred for sowing.

Spacing:

Row to row 60 cm and plant to plant 20 cm distance should be maintained.

Nutrient management:
  • Well, rotten FYM @ 8.0 t/ha should be incorporated into the soil at least 20 days before sowing.
  • Vermicompost @ 4.0 t/ ha is top dressed before second irrigation.
  • Biofertilizers like Azotobactor (nitrogen fixer) and Phosphorus. Solubilizing Bacteria (PSB) each should be added @10 kg/ha in the soil after final land preparation.
Water management:

Depending upon the amount and frequency of rains during the growing season 3-4 irrigations are sufficient.

Weed management:

Maize being a widely spaced crop, weeds can be managed by 1-2 manual intercultural operations.

Plant protection:
  • Field release of Tricho-cards (Tricogramma chilonis) 3-4 times @ 30
    cards/ha for stem borer.
  • Seed treatment with Pseudomonas fluorescence culture @ 4 kg/ha for stalk
    rot.

 

2.Potato

Potato varieties:

Variety ‘Chipsona-3’ and other low input requiring and resistant varieties to insect pest and diseases.

Sowing time:

Up to last week of October.

Seed rate:

30 q tubers/ ha. Organically certified tubers should be preferred for sowing.

Spacing:

Row to row 60 cm and plant to plant 20 cm distance should be maintained.

Nutrient management:
  • Well rotten FYM @ 14.0 t/ha should be incorporated into the soil at least 20 days
    before planting.
  • Vermicompost @ 7.0 t/ ha is top dressed before second irrigation.
  • Biofertilizers like Azotobactor (nitrogen fixer) and Phosphorus Solubilizing.                  Bacteria (PSB) each of are added @10 kg/ha in the soil after final land preparation.
Water management:

Potato can be successfully raised by applying five irrigations besides pre-sowing irrigation.

Weed management:

Weeds under organic cultivation of potato can be easily managed by 2 manual weedings.

Plant protection:
  • Grow resistant varieties for late blight
  • Timely sowing to avoid early blight

 

3.Okra

Okra varieties:

Variety ‘Arka Anamica’ and other low input requiring and resistant varieties to insect pest and
diseases.

Sowing time:

The second week of March.

Seed rate:

18 kg/ ha. Organically certified seed should be preferred for sowing.

Spacing:

Row to row 45 cm and plant to plant 30 cm distance should be maintained.

Nutrient management:
  • Well, rotten FYM @ 8.0 t/ha should be incorporated into the soil at least 20 days before planting.
  • Vermicompost @ 4.0 t/ ha is top dressed before second irrigation.
  • Biofertilizers like Azotobactor (nitrogen fixer) and Phosphorus Solubilizing.Bacteria (PSB) each should be added @10 kg/ha in the soil after final land preparation.
Water management:

For proper growth and optimum yield 10-11 irrigations are sufficient.

Weed management:

Depending upon the severity of weeds, weeds can be managed by 2-3 manual weedings.

Plant protection :
  • Grow resistant varieties
  • The spray of neem based insecticides to avoid insects/vectors

 

Source-

  • Institute Technology Management Unit, Project Directorate for Farming Systems Research, Modipuram, Meerut-250 110, Uttar Pradesh

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