Rice is the staple food crop of Goa. The crop is cultivated over an area of 47, I 04 ha with a rice production of 1,50,919 mt annually. The average productivity of the crop is about 3,204 kg/ha. The crop is being cultivated both in Kharif (Sod) and rabi (Vaigon) seasons, with an area of approximately 67 % and 33%, respectively. The average productivity of the rabi season is relatively higher (3,890 kg/ha) as compared to Kharif season (2853 kg/ha).
Average land holding size in Goa is relatively less (92% less than 1 ha) and that too fragmented. Further, the socioeconomic situations prevailing in the State and non-availability and the high cost of labour, lack of mechanization, threshing and processing facilities including marketing infrastructure are threatening the cultivation of rice crop.
The crop is cultivated in three different topographical situations i.e. rainfed uplands (Morad), rainfed lowlands (Kher) and coastal saline lands (Khazans). The Package for these three different situations of rice cultivation is as follows:
Rice crop is cultivated in rainfed uplands to an extent of 1/6 of total rice area in the State. The growing period in this situation is 115-120 days and in general, the productivity levels are lower. read more
Gall midge, leaf folder and case worm are the major insect pests of rice during Kharif. Stem borer incidence is also recorded occasionally. However, the incidences of all these insect pests are below the economic threshold level. read more
Jaya and Jyoti are the predominant varieties grown in Kher lands. Cultivation of improved varieties has proven yield increase over the ruling varieties. The following improved varieties are suitable for cultivation in Goa.read more
Rice is cultivated under varying saline situations during Kharif in an area of nearly 12,000 ha in the State. Varieties like Korgut, Azgo are predominantly cultivated in this area. read more
- Central Coastal Agricultural Research Institute, Ela, Old Goa, Goa