Gram pod borer

Gram pod borer: Helicoverpa armigera

Identification of the pest

  • Eggs – are spherical in shape and creamy white in colour, laid singly
  • Larva – shows colour variation from greenish to brown. Green with dark brown grey lines laterally on the body with lateral white lines and also has dark and pale bands.
  • Pupa – brown in colour, occurs in soil, leaf, pod and crop debris
  • Adult – light pale brownish yellow stout moth. Fore wing grey to pale brown with V shaped speck.Hind wings are pale smoky white with a broad blackish outer margin.

Symptoms of damage 

  • Defoliation in early stages
  • Larva’s head alone thrust inside the pods and the rest of the body hanging out.
  • Pods with round holes


  • ETL: 10% of affected pods
  • Pheromone traps for Helicoverpa armigera 12/ha
  • Bird perches 50/ha
  • Mechanical collection of grown up larva and blister beetle
  • Ha NPV 3 x1012 POB/ha in 0.1% teepol
  • Apply any one of the following insectcides:
    • Azadirachtin 0.03 % WSP 2500-5000 g/ha
    • Bacillus thuringiensis serovar kurstaki (3a,3b,3c) 5%WP1000-1250 g/ha
    • Dimethoate 30% EC 1237 ml/ha
    • Emamectin benzoate 5% SG 220 g/ha
    • Indoxacarb 15.8% SC 333 ml/ha
    • Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC 150ml/ha
    • Spinosad 45%SC 125-162 ml/ha
    • NSKE 5% twice followed by triazophos 0.05%
    • Neem oil 2%
    • Phosalone 0.07%
      (Spray fluid 625 ml/ha) Note : Insecticide / Ha NPV spray.


  • Tamilnadu Agritech Portal
Show Buttons
Hide Buttons