Goats Feeding

Goats Feeding

It was observed during the investigation that the number of units is becoming less in Goa due to restriction on free range grazing. Considering the constraints on free-range system semi-intensive rearing with partial feeding may be practised to sustain goat rearing as a viable subsidiary occupation. Studies at the Institute unit indicated that the weight gain was marginally higher in free range system as compared to stall feeding.

The daily weight gain under the free-range system was 83.60 g. and under stall feeding 77.5 g. The performance of crossbred goats with partial grazing and supplementary feeding was encouraging. Concentrate feed with 20.01 % CP and 2675 Cal DE was given for young animals at the rate of 300 g per day. Maximum weight gain of 121.32 g/day was recorded. This indicated that partial grazing with supplementary feeding would be more suitable for goat rearing under the local condition.

Grower mash(% OM)
Adultmash   (% OM)
Maize 29  50
GNCake 30 24
Wheat bran 40 25
Min.Mix 1 1
CP 20.01 17.80
CF 7.25 6.42
Energy 2645 2900
(DE kcal))/kg


Depending upon the availability and cost, other feed ingredients like sunflower cake, gram husk, rice bran, Jower etc can be proportionately added to replace the costly ingredients.


Feeding schedule

Dry matter intake of goat (Total feed intake/day) is around 3 to 3.5% of its body weight  An animal weighing 30 kg will consume around one kg of dry feed/ day


Concentrate feed requirement/day: Kids

1- 3 months age                        50 to 75gm
3 to 6 months                            75 to 150 gm.
6 months to 1 year                    200-250gm.
Adult female                              300 gm
Adult male                                  400 gm


In addition to the above 4-6 hours grazing in a pasture land with tree leaves and forages is essential.



Goat is litter bearing animal since they get twin or triplets two times in a year, indicating its prolificacy. They are seasonal breeders. In Goa mostly goats show estrous in December to January and May to



  • Central Coastal Agricultural Research Institute, Ela, Old Goa, Goa


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