Enoki Mushroom cultivation

Enoki mushrooms are also known as bean sprouts mushrooms because they grow in clusters and have shapes like bean sprouts but with the larger size. On the top of the mushrooms are caps. Mushroom caps are hemisphere – shaped when being premature, then they turn into the box-shaped. Mushroom caps are yellow and darker yellow in the middle. Stems are white or light yellow and light brown in the half bottom. Apart from the above ones, there are an enoki mushroom species which is absolutely white in cap and stem.

  • One of the popular mushrooms of Japan which is cultured in chilled growing rooms
  • Has a delicate appearance with small caps and long stems.
  • The polysaccharide flammulin is 80-100% effective against sarcoma 180 (a form of cancer).

Scientific name: Flammulina velutipes

Common name: Winter mushroom

Substrate: Supplemented hardwood sawdust

Cultivation environment

Spawn running
Temperature 21 – 24°C 03 – 14°C
Relative humidity 90-95% 90-100%
Light Not required 08-10 hours*
Air exchange 00-01 per hour 02-04 per hour
Duration 20-25 days 12-14 days

*Low light, **Days after bag opening

Cropping cycle: 4-6 weeks

Major regions of cultivation

World: Japan, China

India: Not yet cultivated in India due to lack of suitable cultivation technology




  • Indian Institute of Horticulture Research


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