Management of doe
- Regular detection of heat is necessary by potent buck; swelling and redness of vulva, mucous discharge from vulva are common signs of heat.
- Breed the doe 12 hours after the onset of symptoms of oestrous for maximum conception. The unbreedable doe should be examined thoroughly to find out the causes for anoestrous. If repeat breeding condition occurs and does not a response to treatment it is better to cull the doe as soon as possible.
- Feeding schedule should be as regular as possible.
- Regular cleaning of house, feeder and water pot is very important.
- Hooves of doe should be checked regularly for foot rot and lameness.
- Does should be dewormed before breeding.
- Clipping of hair from reproductive organs is necessary before breeding.
- Does should be kept in a separate pen for any sickness, to avoid disease transmission.
Management of pregnant doe
- They should be kept individually to avoid fighting.
- Doe should not be allowed to jump to avoid the chance of abortion.
- They should not be allowed for the too long march, particularly during the hot part of the day to avoid the chance of abortion.
- Supply of balanced and adequate quantity of feed at least before two months of kidding is necessary to reduce doe and kid mortality.
- Any drastic change of feed should be avoided during pregnancy.
- Water, mineral and vitamin mixture should be given in sufficient quantity.
Care and management of kids
- Immediately after kidding the strong and healthy kid should stand on their legs and make attempt for suckling doe. It should be ensured that weak one G General Management for Goat Production Goat farming for the farmers of Goa 23 should get sufficient milk from its mother in case of twin and triplet. Suckling behaviour is associated with the milk yield of doe, growth and mortality of kid. So, in a study of suckling behaviour of Black Bengal kid, it was observed that the overall mean duration of suckling and amount of milk consumption per suckling bout were 2.54 m and 100.85 g respectively. The positive correlation coefficient (r = 0.24) between suckling rate and butting frequency is an indication of joy and satisfaction of kids (Das and Pan, 1990).
- Kids should be fed colostrums at least for seven days for the development of natural immunity.
- Protect kids from extreme cold and hot during the first two months of their age.
- At the age of 14 – 21 days of sufficient green and fresh soft grasses should be available to the kids.
- Horn development is a recessive trait of goats and is found in most breeds. For safety purposes, remove the horns while the animals are young, between 7 to 14 days of age. There are several ways to dehorn goats, by the chemical method using caustic compounds, physically by applying burning irons.
- Bucks develop musk glands when they reach puberty. These glands emit an objectionable odour that often taints the taste and odour of the meat. At the age of 30 days, male kids should be castrated by a close method with the help of burdizzo castrator for better quality meat production and reducing the objectionable odour in the meat, keeping few good healthy kids for breeding.
- Weaning should be done at the age of 45 days to make a habit of taking solid food. After weaning kids should be given identification number by ear notching or tattooing or neck tagging for keeping records etc.
- The growth of kids should be recorded for selection and breeding purpose. Stunted one should be culled from the stock.
- Central Coastal Agricultural Research Institute, Ela, Old Goa, Goa