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Cotton cultivation in Rajasthan – Kisan Suvidha
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Cotton cultivation in Rajasthan

Cotton cultivation in rajasthan

Cotton cultivation in Rajasthan

Cotton varieties in Rajasthan

American Cotton
Varieties in Rajasthan
  • RS 2013
  • RS 810
  • RST 9
  • RS 875
  • Ganganagar Ageti
  • Bikaneri Narma
Hybrids
  • Maru Vikas
  • LHH 144
Desi Cotton
Varieties
  • RG 8
  • RG 18
Hybrids
  • RAJDH 9

 

Production technologies of Cotton in Rajasthan

Package Desi cotton American cotton
Land & land preparation
  • Sandy loam to clay loam
  • One deep ploughing followed by 2-3 harrows
  •  loam
  • One deep ploughing followed by 2-3 harrows
Sowing time 1 April to 15 May 1 May To 30 May
Seed rate kg/ha 12.0 16.0 for variety
4.0 for hybrid4.0 for hybrid
Sowing method
Row to row spacing  7.5 cm  67.5 cm
Plant to  plant spacing

  • Varieties
  • Hybrids

 

 

30 cm

60cm

 

30cm

60cm

Sowing Depth 4-5 cm 4-5 cm
Thinning 25-30 DAS to maintain plant to plant distance at 30 cm for varieties and 60 cm for hybrids 25-30 DAS to maintain plant to plant distance at 30 cm for varieties and 60 cm for hybrids
Fertilizer

  • FYM
  • Nitrogen kg /ha
  • Phosphorus kg/ha
  • Potash kg/ha
  • Zn (On soil test basis)
  • 8 tonnes/ha 20-25 days before sowing
  • 90 (50% basal & remaining in the first fortnight of August along with irrigation)
  • 20 for varieties & 40 for hybrids (Basal)
 

  • 8 tonnes/ha 20-25 days before sowing
  • 80 for varieties & 150 for hybrids (50% basal, 25% at 1st irrigation and remaining at the time of square formation along with irrigation)
  • 40(Basal)
  • 20 (basal)
  • 12 kg/ha ZnSO4
Weeding

  • Cultural

 

  • Chemical
 

  • First hoeing after first irrigation & after that 2-3 intercultural with Triphali/cultivator depending upon growth
  • Pre-plant or pre-emergence application of trifluralin @1.5kg/ha or pendimethalin @1 kg/ha
 

  • First hoeing after first irrigation & after that 2-3 interculturing with Triphali/cultivator depending upon growth
  • Pre-plant or pre-emergence application of trifluralin @1.5kg/ha or pendimethalin @1 kg/ha
Irritations 4 -5 (First at 35-40 DAS and then at the interval of 25-30 days) 5 -6 (First at 35-40 DAS and then at the interval of 25-30days)

 


Protection technologies of Cotton

Disease Control American /Desi cotton
1.Root rot

2.Black arm (in hirsutum cotton)

3.Cotton leaf curl Virus (in hirsutum cotton)

  • Summer deep ploughing
  • Use proper crop rotation
  • Application of ZnSO4@24kg/ha helps in combating the root rot disease
  • Seed treatment with Trichoderma @ 4g/kg seed or Bavistine 0.2% solution or bioagent Pseudomonas flurescens @ 10g/ kg seed and chemical Vitavax (carboxin) 200 WP @ 3g/ kg
  • Soil drenching with Tricoderma@10kg/ha mixing with 50 200kg moist FYM(in the fields where root rot is severed )
  • Seed soaking in the solution of either Streptocyclin @1g/litre of water or Plantomycin @10g/litre of water for 8-10hrs( not more than 2 hrs in case of delinted seed)
  • Spray Streptocyclin 5-10 g or Plantomycin 50-100 g or Copper oxy chloride (0.3%)300 gm in 100 litres of water.
  • Use resistant varieties RS 2013, RS 810, all the varieties of desi cotton are free from CLCV disease

Insect control

      American /Desi cotton

Termites
  • Soil treatment with 24 kg /ha dust of either Quinalphos 1.5% or Methyl parathion 2% or Endosulphan 4%
Jassids ETL(2-3 nymph/leaf)
Cultural control
Biological control
  • Use of resistant varieties RS 2013, RS 810, BN, RST 9
  • Use Chrysopa predator @ 40000/ha and repeat it at flowering stage(ETL) if required
Chemical control
  • Seed treatment with Imidacloprid 70WS @5g/kg or thiomithoxam 70WS @4g/kg delinted seed
  • Foliar spray of either Imidacloprid 200 SL @ 0.2 ml/ l water or Monocrotophos  36SL @ 2.0 ml/ l water or Accephate 70SP @ 2.0 ml/ l water or  Dimethioate 30EC   @ 2.0 ml/ l water or Thiomthoxam 25WG @0.5ml/l water
White fly ETL(6-8 adults/leaf)
Cultural control
  •  Use of resistant varieties RS 2013, RS 810, BN,
  •  Early sowing(15 April to 15May) harbored less population
Biological control
  •  Use Crysopa predator @ 40000/ha and repeat it at flowering stage if required
Chemical control
  •  Seedo  Seed treatment with Imidacloprid 70WS 5g/kg or thiomithoxam 70WS @4g/kg delinted seed o Foliar spray of either Neem oil + liquid soap @ (5ml+1ml) l of water or Trizophos 40EC @ 2.5 ml/ l water or Imidaclorpid 200SL @ 0.3 ml/ l water or Methyl demeton @ 2.0 ml/ l water or Acetamiprid 20SP @ 0.4 ml/ l water or Thiochloprid @ 1.0 ml/ l water or Thiomithoxam 25WG @ 0.5 ml/ l water
 Spotted bollworm ETL(1 boll worm/plant)
BiologBiological control
  • Use 5-7 pheromone traps/ha to catch male moths
  • Use Crysopa predator @ 50000/ha and repeat it at flowering stage if   required
  • Use Tricogramma parasitoid @ 160000/ha in the evening   time and repeat it 3 times at the interval of 7 days
Chemical control
American bollworm ETL (5% floral damage)
Biological control
  • Use 5 pheromone traps/ha to catch male moths
  • Use Crysopa predator @ 50000/ha and repeat it, if required, at the flowering stage
  • Use Tricogramma parasitoid @ 160000/ha in the evening time on theappearance of eggs on the crop
  • Use of NPV @0.75ml(LE)/lit of water
Chemical control
Pink boll worm ETL (1 larva/plant or 10% floral damage)
Chemical control
  • Use 5 pheromone traps/ha to catch male moths
  • Seed fumigation with either Aluminum Phosphide o EDB ampule @3g/40 kg seed
  • Foliar spray of either Cypermethrin 10EC @ 1.0 ml/ lit of water or Cypermethrin 25EC @ 0.4 ml/ lit of water or Carbaryl 50WP @ 4.5g/ lit of water or Trizophos 40 EC @ 2.5 ml/ lit of water or Endosulphan 35 EC @ 2.5 ml/ lit of water or Deltamethrin 2.8 EC @ 1.0 ml/ lit of water.

 

 

Source-

  • Central  Institute of Cotton Research-ICAR

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