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Chilli diseases and thier control – Kisan Suvidha
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Chilli diseases and thier control

chilli diseases

Chilli diseases and thier control

Plant Diseases are caused by Bacteria, Fungi, Virus etc.There are various important chilli diseases which may cause damage to its cultivation, therefore, it must be identified and prevented properly.

Major Chilli diseases are:-

 

Basic precautions in pesticides usage

A. Purchase

1. Purchase only just required quantity e.g. 100, 250, 500, 1000 g/ml for a single application in specified area.

2. Do not purchase leaking containers, loose, unsealed or torn bags.

3. Do not purchase pesticides without proper/approved labels.

4. While purchasing insist for invoice/bill/cash memo

 

B. Storage

1. Avoid storage of pesticides in house premises.

2. Keep only in original container with intact seal.

3. Do not transfer pesticides to other containers.

4. Never keep them together with food or feed/fodder.

5. Keep away from the reach of children and livestock.

6. Do not expose to sunlight or rain water.

7. Do not store weedicides along with other pesticides.

 

C. Handling

1. Never carry/ transport pesticides along with food materials.

2. Avoid carrying bulk pesticides (dust/granules) on head shoulders or on the back.

 

D. Precautions for preparing spray solution

1. Use clean water.

2. Always protect your nose, eyes, mouth, ears and hands.

3. Use hand gloves, face mask and cover your head with a cap.

4. Use polythene bags as hand gloves, handkerchiefs or piece of clean cloth as a mask and a cap or towel to cover the head (Do not use polythene bag contaminated with pesticides).

 

5. Read the label on the container before preparing spray solution.

6. Read the label on the container before preparing spray solution.

7. Prepare the spray solution as per requirement

8. Do not mix granules with water

9. Concentrated pesticides must not fall on hands etc. while opening sealed container. Do not smell pesticides.

10. Avoid spilling of pesticides while filling the sprayer tank.

11. Do not eat, drink, smoke or chew while preparing solution

12. The operator should protect his bare feet and hands with polythene bags

 

E. Equipment

1. Select right kind of equipment.

2. Do not use leaky and defective equipment

3. Select right kind of nozzles

4. Don’t blow/clean clogged nozzle with the mouth. Use old tooth brush tied with the sprayer and clean with water.

5. Do not use the same sprayer for weedicide and insecticide.

 

F. Precautions for applying pesticides

1. Apply only at recommended dose and dilution 89

2. Do not apply on the hot sunny day or strong windy condition 3. Do not apply just before the rains and after the rains. 4. Do not apply against the

3. Do not apply just before the rains and after the rains.

4. Do not apply against the wind direction

5. Emulsifiable concentrate formulations should not be used for spraying with battery operated ULV sprayer

6. Wash the sprayer and buckets etc. with soap water after spraying

7. Containers buckets etc. used for mixing pesticides should not be used for domestic purpose

8. Avoid entry of animals and workers in the field immediately after spraying

9. Avoid tank mixing of different pesticides

 

G. Disposal

1. Left over spray solution should not be drained in ponds or water lines etc. throw it in barren isolated area if possible

2. The used/empty containers should be crushed with a stone/stick and buried deep into soil away from water source.

3. Never reuse empty pesticides container for any other purpose.

 

 

 

Source-

  • TamilNadu Agritech Portal

Comment

  • Dr.Arun Kumar
    22/07/2017 at 1:25 PM

    Management of leaf curl virus disease: Treat the seeds with raw cow milk 50% (i.e. 1:1 ratio of raw cow milk RCM & water) for 24 hrs by dipping. After 24 hrs strain out the treated seeds and dry them in shade. When the seeds are dried treat them with farmer-friendly fungus Trichoderma viride (0.6% i.e. 6 g/ kg seed) and sow it in the nursery soil applied with T. viride (10g/ meter square soil). After 45 days of sowing plants are transplanted in the field. After 20 days of transplantation spray the plants with 15% RCM at weekly interval.