Cardamom is one of the oldest known spices in the world.Evergreen forests of Western Ghats of South India are considered as the centre of origin as well as the natural habitat of this crop. It is commercially cultivated for its dried fruits(capsules), which is also referred as cardamom of commerce.
Scientific Name: Elettaria cardamomum.
There are some insect pests that may cause damage to the crop.For the protection of crop, proper identification and management of these pests are required.
Major pests of Cardamom are:-
|2.||Shoot, panicle and capsule borer||
Integrated pest management
Destroy rhizomes infested with immature stages of the weevil
Avoid planting banana inside its plantation and destroy host plant like Colocasia and Alocasia to control aphid infestation
Cultivar Malabar variety, resistant to thrips. The hybrid Vazhukla is moderately resistant
Quinalphos or dimethoate 0.1% against thrips, phosphomidon or dimethoate 0.1% against aphids and monocrotophos 0.1% against shoot borer effective
Field release of parasitoids Xanthopimpla australicus, pupal parasite of shoot borer
Beauveria sp (white fungus) on hairy caterpillar
Verticillium entertextum (Fungus) on aphids
TamilNadu Agritech Portal.