Botia dario fish

Scientific Name-   Botia dario
(Hamilton, 1822)

Common Name- Necktic loach

Local Name- Nacti, Baghi, Botya


Class Osteichthyes
Sub-Class Actinopterygii
Order Cyprini forme s
Family Cobitidae
Sub family Botinae
Genus Botia
Species daria



Habits and habitat

Botia dario fish are found in Ganga, Sone and Gandak rivers and associated canals. It occursm in chaurs, beels, tanks, and floodplain areas in districts of Champaran, Patna, Buxar, Ara, Kaimur, Jahanabad and Aurangabad, also found in submountain areas.


Salient features

Body is elongated and cylindrical shape. It has golden greyish colour with 7-8 dark
brownish vertical oblique bands descending from back to abdomen with series of ‘U’ shaped marking. The species has a pattern of bands vertically along its body, Caudal fin is with 2-3 oblique black band on each lobe. A set of bushy barbels adorns the mouth, looking like a obstinate little moustache. There are three pair of barbels, two pairs on upper jaw and one pair on the lower jaw.

These species is more attractive than other varieties. They have in high demand in international market at high price. They breed in summer during May-June at 24-300C water temperature. It is fast mover, very active and search their food at night time but slow in day and feeds on insects, crustaceans, larvae, and plant matter. It attains a length of 9cm.



  • central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore


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