Bacterial Leaf Spot of Tomato: Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria
Moist weather and splattering rains are conducive to disease development. Most outbreaks of the disease can be traced back to heavy rainstorms that occur in the area.
Infected leaves show small, brown, water soaked, circular spots surrounded with a yellowish halo.
On older plants, the leaflet infection is mostly on older leaves and may cause serious defoliation.
The most striking symptoms are on the green fruit. Small, water-soaked spots first appear which later become raised and enlarge until they are one-eighth to one-fourth inch in diameter.
- Centers of these lesions become irregular, light brown and slightly sunken with a rough, scabby surface.
- Ripe fruits are not susceptible to the disease. The surface of the seed becomes contaminated with the bacteria, remaining on the seed surface for some time.
- The organism survives in alternate hosts, on volunteer tomato plants and on infected plant debris.
Disease-free seed and seedlings should always be used and the crop should be rotated with non-host crops so as to avoid last years crop residue.
Seed treatment with mercuric chloride (1:1000) is also recommended for control of the disease.
Spraying with a combination of copper and organic fungicides in a regular preventative spray program at 5 to 10-day intervals or Spraying with Agrimycin-100 (100 ppm) thrice at 10 days intervals effectively control the disease.
- TamilNadu Agritech Portal