Acanthocobitis triangularis

Scientific Name-         Acanthocobitis triangularis
(Day, 1865)

English Name-          Triangular bandede loach/ zodiac Loach

Local Name-              Dhariwala Baghi


Class Osteichthyes
Sub-Class Actinopterygii
Order Cypriniformes
Family Balitoridae
Sub-family Nemacheilinae
Genus Acanthocobitis
Species triangularies


Habits and habitat

Acanthocobitis triangularis is found in rivers, canals and mountain areas. Mostly found in Nepal originated canals spread out of the flood plain areas, sometimes reported in beels, chaurs and tanks of district Kishanganj, Araria, Sitamarhi, and Champaran in Bihar. The species occurs in slow flowing water and still water.


Salient features

This fish is the most attractive variety in the loach group. Body is elongated and cylindrical with ventrally flattened shape. It has light golden yellowish or olive ground colour. It has 10-12 dark black vertical oblique bands. The black lateral line runs toghether along head to last caudal fin. Caudal fin has 3-4 row of black dots appearing as black line. Dorsal fin has 7-8 black bars with dots. Head is marked with black cross bands.

The fish is very attractive and beautifull to aquarist. This species moves in group but sometimes these are found scattered under small pebbels and gravels. They live in the sandy bottom. It is distributed in the upstream of rivers and has slow and sluggish movements. It feeds on plankton, algae, aquatic insects, plant matters. Its breeding is not known in capative condition but it is known that they breed in late summer season. Youngone attached to the plant. It attains a length of 3-7 em. and normaly found in 5cm length.



  • Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore



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