Scientific Name- Glyptothorax annandalei (Hora, 1923)
Common Name- Stone catfish
Local Name- Pathar chatwa
Habits and habitat
It is found in rivers and canals. Mostlly found in Gandak and associated branches and Nepal border districts of Bihar. It lives in flowing water with gravel and rocky bottom.
Body is elongated compressed laterally from both sides, ventrally flattened. It has brown colour of dorsal side with two deep black bands on the lateral side. The caudal fin is light brown with two bands. Dorsal, anal and pectoral fins are light yellow. It has four pairs of barbels. One pair of maxillary barbels covered with lather. It has small sucking disc present on the ventral surface, which helps to maintain their position in the strong current.
During daytime, the species is quiet and found attached to the rocks. At night, it actively moves for searching of foods and other activities. It is omnivorous and feeds on plant matters, algae, aquatic insect, earthworm and crustaceans. It has slow but curly movements and attains the length of 11cm and it is not used in the Fishery.
- Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore